Geotechnologies can be understood as sets of techniques and methods applied to the analysis, study and conservation of natural resources, as well as to their exploitation, taking into account the information of the geographical location (spatial information) and the different scales in which it can be represented.

Geotechnologies can be used to study the landscape; assist in the management and monitoring of human activities; support with the prevention of natural disasters and to monitor environmental variables such as temperature, rainfall (rain) and solar radiation. All of this is possible from the use of hardware (satellites, GPS, computers, cameras) and software capable of storing, processing digital images and operating geographic information.

Geotechnologies allow the generation of maps and analysis of geospatial information in a precise, fast and effective way. This information generated is essential for the identification, qualification, quantification and monitoring of the environment, natural resources, agricultural areas and other economic activities.